Grant and Loan Facilities

United Nations and its funds, programmes and specialized agencies as well as the International Organization for Migration (IOM) are eligible for both grants and loans.

The two components have a number of distinct features:


  • Up to US$450 million, depending on voluntary contributions received.
  • Established in December 2005 by the United Nations General Assembly.
  • Allows the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) to ensure coverage of life-saving programmes when funds are not available from other sources.
  • Used to allocate funds to UN operational agencies to address critical humanitarian needs based on priorities established under the leadership of the Humanitarian/Resident Coordinator in the field.
  • Each applicant must justify the need for funds, taking into consideration other available resources. If a donor pledge is forthcoming, the loan facility should be used.



  • US$30 million available.
  • Established in 1991 as the Central Emergency Revolving Fund. The Revolving Fund is now managed separately as part of the upgraded Central Emergency Response Fund.
  • Used to make loans to UN agencies for emergency programmes based on indication that donor funding is forthcoming.
  • Loans must be reimbursed within one year.
  • $480 million were disbursed in loans over the last 16 years.
  • Primarily used as a cash-flow mechanism allowing UN agencies to access funds rapidly while they are waiting for donor pledges to be transferred.