Mauritania 2012

CERF allocates US$722,992 to prevent Rift Valley Fever outbreak in Mauritania

6 December 2012: In October 2012, an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever was reported in Mauritania. Within one month, 32 communities in 15 districts were affected. The most affected people have been in Tagant, Brakna, Assaba, Hodh Gharbi, Hodh Ech Chargui and Trarza regions.

Rift Valley Fever is a disease transmissible between animals and humans. Twenty-five people have so far been tested positive for the disease in Mauritania. All reported cases related to people aged between 14 and 81, and all cases included contact with animals. The majority of people who have caught the disease were men.

In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of US$722,992 to two UN agencies.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has received $277,884 to strengthen epidemiological surveillance of the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) has received $445,108 to improve the management of Rift Valley Fever cases at health facilities. In cooperation with FAO, WHO will also inform and educate the public about epidemic prevention to limit its spread.

The allocations are expected to benefit 1,477,645 people.


CERF provides US$748,007 in response to locust outbreak in the Sahel

3 December 2012: In November, a desert-locust outbreak occurred in north-western and central Mauritania, posing a significant threat to the country’s agricultural production. The winged-locust swarms originated in Libya and Algeria and spread to the Sahel region. Mauritania’s agricultural situation is already fragile and is contributing to the current food and nutrition crisis.

An estimated 18.7 million people face food insecurity in the region, and more than 1 million children under age 5 are at risk of severe acute malnutrition. It is feared that the desert-locust outbreak will increase the food insecurity and malnutrition situation.

In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of US$748,007 to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to help safeguard livelihoods and support food security through the implementation of survey-and-control operations.

CERF gives $5.5 million in response to Malian refugees in Mauritania

16 April 2012: Thousands of people have fled northern Mali due to fighting between the army and Malian Tuareg rebels of the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad.

Some 33,098 Malians took refuge in the town of Fassala, Mauritania, between January and February 2012. The majority (54 per cent) of these people are women and girls. UN and Government assessments identified the immediate need to provide shelter, food, non-food items, clean water, sanitation and protection for refugees.

Many pastoralists have crossed the border with their livestock, thus exerting pressure on exiting land and water resources. Due to the refugee influx, local government capacity has proved insufficient to respond to the new population and cover the needs of refugees and host communities.

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CERF allocates $4 million in response to drought in Mauritania

19 January 2012: Dry spells and the poor distribution of rainfall during the 2011 growing season resulted in a significant decline in cereal production.

It is expected that the low coping capacity of households will result in progressively worsening livelihoods and above-average needs for emergency food assistance.

In response, the CERF has allocated US$4,005,971 to five UN agencies in response to the emergency. For the management of acute malnutrition among vulnerable groups, the World Food Programme (WFP) has been allocated $2,000,139.


CERF in Action - Rapid Response