Niger 2012

CERF gives $1 million in response to cholera in Niger

9 October 2012: Heavy rains and an above-normal increase in the water level of the Niger river have led to flooding across Niger, affecting more than half a million people.

The flooding killed at least 80 people and severely damaged infrastructure, including schools, health centres and water points. The Government estimates that approximately 250,000 people need emergency assistance.

The country is already trying to cope with food insecurity, a locust invasion, the consequences of the complex emergency in Mali and a cholera epidemic. The most urgent needs include shelter, mosquito nets, hygiene and kitchen kits and medicine.

In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$2.6 million to help three UN agencies assist flood-affected people.

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CERF gives $1 million in response to cholera in Niger

13 September 2012: A cholera epidemic in Niger has contributed to more than 70 deaths and 3,500 cases since the beginning of the year. The current epidemic is the worst the country has witnessed in more than 40 years, according to United Nations reports.

The recent epidemic broke out in the western region of Tillaberi in January 2012. This region continues to be the most affected. The outbreak can be traced to poor sanitation and hygiene, and contaminated drinking water. Humanitarian partners are concerned about the arrival of the rainy season, as recent flooding in July has further accelerated the spread of the disease among communities living near the Niger river.

Cholera outbreaks are recurrent in Niger. This year, its impact has worsened due to the displacement of thousands of people fleeing the conflict in northern Mali. So far, over 55,000 refugees have arrived in Niger.  

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CERF gives $16 million in response to drought and food insecurity in the Sahel

24 April 2012: A severe food and nutrition crisis is unfolding in Niger in 2012 within a context of high chronic food insecurity and acute malnutrition rates that are approaching emergency levels, according to UN reports. 
An estimated two million people are in a chronic state of food insecurity due to structural factors such as rapid population growth, widespread land degradation, and heavy reliance on rain-fed subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry. The resilience and coping capacity of vulnerable households has yet to fully recover from the 2010 drought crisis. UN projections indicate that by April 2012, an estimated 3.5 million Nigeriens – more than 22 per cent of the population –  will be severely food insecure, and 2.9 million (19 per cent) will be moderately food insecure. The situation of children is of particular concern. Historical trends indicate that acute malnutrition rates tend to rise during the annual lean season, as household food consumption deteriorates. Many households are in an exceptionally fragile food insecure situation and will require targeted relief to support household food consumption during the lean season, from April to September. 
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided almost US$16 million to two UN agencies in Niger to provide immediate food and livelihood assistance.


CERF gives $5 million in response to refugees and returnees in Niger

20 April 2012: Niger currently faces two significant challenges: a severe drought since 2010 and the need for reintegration of some 265,000 nationals who returned to the country as a result of the crisis in Libya. Further exacerbating the crisis, internal conflict in the northern regions of Mali has resulted in the subsequent displacement of some 65,000 Malians in neighbouring countries, including Niger. Arrivals from Mali include both Malian refugees and nationals of Niger who have lived in Mali for more than 20 years. 
The sudden influx of Malian refugees and Nigerien returnees into parts of Tillaberi region at the end of January 2012 has resulted in a food and nutrition emergency for the displaced population, and has adversely affected the highly fragile food security situation of local host communities. Refugees and returnees have generally arrived with few assets and little means of subsistence. Rapid assessments indicate that household food stocks among receiving communities are exhausted, food availability is variable, and local cereal banks have few if any remaining stocks. As the displacement is likely to continue, the Government of Niger and its partners, including UN agencies and NGOs, have developed an action plan to respond to the needs of an expected 45,000 refugees and displaced people for a period of six months.
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has given US$5 million to four UN agencies to provide humanitarian aid to the most vulnerable refugees and IDPs.

CERF in Action - Rapid Response