In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, conflicts, disease outbreaks, chronic underdevelopment and natural disasters combine to make one of the most complex humanitarian situations in the world. An estimated 19.6 million people need humanitarian assistance and protection in 2021.
Following the most recent Integrated Phase Classification analysis, 19.6 million people are acutely food insecure in the country, making it the largest food crisis in the world. Some 3.6 million children are acutely malnourished. Increasing insecurity and natural disasters have had a devastating impact on people’s capacity to grow and access food.
Disease outbreaks and epidemics such as COVID-19, cholera, measles, and the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) exacerbate the situation.
Last year, as a result of the combined efforts of the Congolese government and humanitarian actors, two Ebola outbreaks were defeated, including the deadliest the country has known that killed more than 2,200 people.
Humanitarian organizations in the DRC operate in an exceptionally complex and challenging environment. Insecurity, limited logistical infrastructure, vast swaths of wilderness, bureaucracy and regulations set because of COVID-19, all affect access to people in need.
Despite these challenges, between January and September 2020, humanitarian partners delivered life-saving assistance and protection to close to 5.2 million people. Persisting underfunding remains the largest constraint to an efficient, effective, and timely humanitarian response in the DRC. According to Financial Tracking Service (FTS), at the end of 2020, about 36 per cent of the humanitarian response plan had been funded. were received. Today, for 2021, the humanitarian community needs 1.98 billion USD to provide assistance and protection to 9.6 million persons.