Funding is channeled through partners that are best placed to implement priority activities in line with the agreed strategy and humanitarian principles in a timely and effective manner.
The HC allocates funding through consultative processes with Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) country Clusters based on prioritized humanitarian needs. There are two types of allocation modalities:
- Standard allocations: launched twice a year (if funding allows it) to support sectoral and intersectoral priorities aligned with the HRP; larger and strategic allocations to fund multisectoral humanitarian interventions of up to 24 months with a strong focus on building community resilience. Allocations are targeted thematically or geographically, and focus on prioritized needs, activities and locations identified in the HRP, ensuring a highly strategic and coordinated use of funds. Projects undergo a rigorous selection process involving clusters, CRIO and CLIO.
- Reserve allocations: launched on an ad-hoc basis to respond to unforeseen emergencies in line with and outside the HRP; more rapid and flexible mechanism to tackle sudden onset emergencies, outbreaks or the deterioration of the humanitarian situation due to existing crises.
The HC, in consultation with the Advisory Board members, decides on the most critical needs to be funded. The Cluster coordinators work with their regional counterparts and cluster partners to define the cluster-specific priorities in prioritized geographical areas, which are reflected in individual allocation strategies.