The global number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has reached an all-time high, particularly as an increasing number of IDPs remain displaced for years or even decades. The millions of people living in protracted internal displacement and their host communities are some of the most vulnerable in the world; they often cannot access basic services, education and health care, and they face barriers to stable housing and sustainable livelihoods. In light of these alarming trends and the need for more effective responses, OCHA commissioned this study to improve our understanding of protracted internal displacement and related challenges.
The study examines the causes, impacts and challenges of protracted internal displacement, and it proposes an approach that allows IDPs to reach self-sufficiency sooner. Recommendations are then made to key stakeholders, such as national Governments and the United Nations, on concrete actions to take to implement this approach and effectively address protracted internal displacement. The study features five country case studies: Colombia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the Philippines, Somalia and Ukraine. Each case study highlights good practices and presents tailored recommendations.