Abdessalam, 15 years old, was wounded in the head and abdomen by anti-aircraft bullets in Sana’a. "I was in the street with two kids and my elder brother when the anti-aircraft bullets fell back. We didn’t feel it until it came near us and exploded. A fragment hit me here (in the head), and another one in my abdomen." He is being treated at Al-Thawra hospital in Sana'a.
Ongoing airstrikes, fighting, and anti-aircraft ordnance have been killing and wounding civilians for over three months in the capital and across the country. To date, more than 3,083 people have been killed and 14,324 have been injured across the country.
Photo: OCHA / C. Cans, June 2015.
Because of the fuel shortages, most water pumps across the city are no longer working. Tap water has therefore become increasingly rare in Sana’a since March.
The residents of the city can get water in the few public distribution points and humanitarian groups have started trucking in water to some neighbourhoods. Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
“I come here every few days with my family and my neighbours to fill jerry cans with water. The school closed shortly after the bombings started three months ago and I don't have much else to do,” says Haroon Huraibi (center with hose), a fifth grader from Sana’a. “Filling all the jerry cans usually takes three hours. The days we do not come here, I play volleyball with my friends, but there isn't much else to do.” Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
“Our neighbourhood gets water only one hour per week,” explains Sultan Mohammad (third man from the right, sitting). He is 35 years old and he lives in Noqum, a neighbourhood in the north of the capital. “We get 10 jerry cans per household which makes 200 litres that need to last three to four days.” Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
“Every five days we are allowed to fill up our car. The attendants take down the license plates to fight the black market,” explains Mohammed Abdurahman, a 50-year-old businessman from Sana’a (in the vehicle pulling up to the pump). “I have waited for up to four days to get it refilled. I come here with my son and we take turns staying with the car. Life has become very difficult.” Some days, fuel lines can stretch over several kilometers. Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
"When our customers pull up to the pump they are exhausted from waiting for so long,” explains Khaled, the 22-year-old petrol station attendant. “We work non-stop the whole day to fill as many cars as we can... At least the price per litre here is fixed by the state. On the black market, the price has quadrupled.” Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
The fuel shortage has also put an end to the regular trash collection in the city. People are forced to throw their trash on the street curbs or into abandoned lots. In some neighbourhoods, people have started to burn the trash. Photo: OCHA / P. Kropf, June 2015.
Ebola sensitisation in Guinea's Forecariah district
Since 1994, the mineral-rich province of North Kivu has been a hotbed of activity in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a literal battleground for armies and armed groups who have plunged millions of people into a cycle of violence and poverty. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
Since 1994, North Kivu has been home to the largest internal displaced population in the world. At the peak of the crisis, more than two million people fled their homes due to fighting. As we write, some 570,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) remain in the embattled province. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
Despite its rich green fields, the farming industry in North Kivu has been decimated. Among the hardest hit are the thousands of displaced people who must rely on humanitarian organizations for food. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
To ensure that aid reaches those who need it the most, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has implemented various IDP biometric registration programmes in places like South Sudan, Zimbabwe, and Sudan. In June 2014, IOM brought this cutting edge technology to IDP sites in the Democratic Republic of Congo to collect the fingerprints of almost 16,000 people living in eight camps near the city of Goma. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
At one IDP site near Goma, the World Food Programme (WFP) and World Vision are distributing food using the biometric fingerprinting system. Biometric technology provides more accurate demographic data and can be used by emergency aid workers to plan their humanitarian interventions, such as food distributions. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
A displaced woman washes her hands prior to getting her fingerprints taken. Despite being home to numerous lakes and rivers, including the famous Congo River, clean water is a luxury for millions of Congolese. In North Kivu, humanitarian organizations are currently investing millions of dollars in clean water projects. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
Chantal, one of the displaced benefiting from this technology, believes it has improved the efficiency of aid delivery. Yet, unpredictable weather can damage equipment such as biometric scanners and computers in the field. Photo: OCHA/Nadia Berger
Because elderly women are often involved in activities like farming, collecting wood, and other household chores, their hands are often exposed to harsh conditions. This can sometimes make it difficult to get an accurate reading of their fingerprints. Photo: OCHA/N. Berger
In April, the World Food Programme (WFP) was forced to suspend its food deliveries to 600, 000 people in Raqaa and Dier ez-Zor governorates, two Islamic State (IS) controlled areas. Despite the challenges, throughout the month, agencies were able to deliver food to some 277,550 people in hard-to-reach areas and four million others across the country. “We must support unhindered and unrestricted food transport across front lines; this will ensure food now available in one part of the country reaches Syrians wherever they are in the country,“ said WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin. Photo: WFP/Abeer Etefa.
For the eleventh month in a row, an IS blockade stopped UNICEF from sending water treatment supplies to Dier ez-Zor and Raqqa governorates. When the Nasib border crossing between Syria and Jordan was closed -- after the opposition group known as the Syrian Free Army took over the area -- UNICEF was unable to treat 500,000 liters of water. Photo: UNICEF.
Health centres and health workers are often targeted by shelling and air strikes in Syria. Since conflict broke out in March 2011, 633 medical personnel have been killed according to the NGO Physicians for Human Rights. Additionally, requests to deliver medical supplies are often refused. In April, the World health Organization (WHO) requested to send 2,000 renal failure treatments to Douma through an inter-agency convoy but the Government granted permission for only 250 of them. Sadly, the convoy was hit by a mortar in Douma, killing a 19-year-old Syrian Arab Red Crescent (SARC) volunteer and injuring three others. Photo: SARC.
In April, UN agencies and partners, along with the Syrian Ministry of Health, carried out the first measles immunization campaign of the year. The campaign was able to reach 1.6 million children out of 2.6 million targeted, in 11 governorates. However, Raqqa, Idlib and large parts of Dier ez-Zor could not be reached with measles vaccinations due to active fighting, leaving some 230,000 young children without immunization in those areas.
Since 2011, immunization rates across the country have fallen from 99 per cent to just 52 per cent due to lack of access and severe damage to health structures: nearly one third of the country’s health centres are either damaged or destroyed. Photo: UNICEF.
Cross-border deliveries continued under the terms of UN Security Council resolutions 2165 and 2191, adopted in 2014. Between 15 December 2014 and 14 May 2015, the United Nations requested 44 inter-agency convoys; of those, only five were completed. In early April, the Nasib border crossing with Jordan was closed, which has been severely disrupting humanitarian and commercial deliveries to the southern part of the country. UN agencies are now shipping assistance through Latakia sea port and other border crossings.
As of 10 May, UN agencies and NGOs had sent 117 cross-border shipments to Syria; 77 from Turkey and 40 from Jordan, including food for 2.4 million people, non-food items and medical supplies for 1.3 million, and water and sanitation supplies for 847,000 people. Photo: OCHA.
Some 220,000 people are estimated to have been killed and over a million have been injured since the conflict erupted in 2011. In five years, 76 humanitarian workers have been killed, 45 of them from the Syrian Arab Red Crescent Society. A total of 32 United Nations staff members have been detained or are missing. "Aid workers are risking their lives despite extremely dangerous and difficult conditions. They help the most vulnerable people in the world. Attacks on aid workers mean that people in need do not receive assistance. Such attacks violate international humanitarian and human rights law," said UN Humanitarian Chief Stephen O’Brien. Photo: EPA-STR/UNICEF.
The UN Central Emergency Response Fund: saving millions of lives worldwide
22 Jun 2015
Yemen: an unprecedented humanitarian catastrophe
17 Jun 2015
ECOSOC 2015 Humanitarian Affairs Segment
17 Jun 2015
04 Jun 2015
Iraq on the brink: Voices of anguish from a nation in turmoil
Katanga, the second-largest province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), is home to copper, cobalt, coltan and other rare-earth minerals used in the electronics industry. Katanga is the engine of DRC's mining-driven economy, accounting for a large portion of national revenues. Despite its mineral riches, Katanga's underdevelopment is starkly illustrated by the absence of a proper road network, which means that aid is transported on dirt roads or by water, significantly slowing down the delivery process. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
Very little of the income generated in Katanga is invested in the province's economic or social development, leaving swathes of the population mired in poverty. Makeshift bridges, like this one, are often the only way for communities to access each other, and they are also used by aid groups to deliver food or medicines. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
In the absence of roads, cars and trucks loaded with supplies are transported by boat. Lake Tanganyika and many of the other lakes in the province are the main sources of water for millions of people, but are also reservoirs for cholera to breed. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
Rule #1: Never take a field trip alone. Unpaved roads are a fact of life in DRC - the legacy of multiple wars and a chronic lack of investment. Aid workers always travel in convoys so that if one vehicle breaks down, another can come to the rescue. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
The benefits of creating a viable road system in Katanga would go well beyond humanitarian aid. Once believed to be recovering from years of crisis, Katanga's development has slowed since 2011, with human rights violations and fighting leading to half a million displaced people. Over the past three years, Katanga has been hit by measles and other epidemics that require humanitarian aid to be transported through deep jungle along dirt roads. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
Heavy-duty trucks are no match for Katanga's roads. The region's railways are also in a lamentable state. As a result, there is little incentive for communities to produce more than they consume themselves and Katanga’s urban population has become dependent on imports from neighboring countries. Improving rural roads would encourage the agricultural production of maize, a staple food for the residents of Katanga, which is currently imported from Zambia. Photo: OCHA/S.Beye
It takes a minimum of four days to travel 50 kilometers (31 miles) in Katanga during the dry season. During the rainy season, trips can take twice as long. Photo: COOPI
It is estimated that US$18 million is needed to build 500 kilometers (310 miles) of road in the territory of Malemba-Nkulu alone, located in the centre of the province. It would take ten times that amount to provide the province with a decent road network capable of supporting the economic goals of its people. Photo: COOPI
Nepal Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie Mc Goldrick - 1 June 2015
Over the past month, the immediate US$15 million allocation from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has helped humanitarian partners deliver life-saving support for millions of people affected by the devastating 7.8 magnitude earthquake that struck Nepal on 25 April. (Credit: UNDP)
Within 48 hours of the disaster, the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos, announced the CERF allocation saying: “With the death toll rising and millions of people affected, it’s a race against time as humanitarian agencies work around the clock to reach people and communities.” Ms. Amos visited to Nepal five days later. (Credit: OCHA)
"In the wake of the disaster, the international community responded rapidly and generously by deploying search and rescue and medical teams and other military and civil defence assets. But we also needed cash urgently; funds to get the relief operation going as soon as possible. CERF enabled us to scale up operations before the funding from other donors arrived,” said Jamie McGoldrick, Humanitarian Coordinator in Nepal. (Credit: UNICEF)
With $5 million from CERF, the World Food Programme (WFP) has already provided food for more than 1.7 million people in the worst affected areas of Nepal. But the country’s mountainous topography remains a major challenge and some 315,000 people in the 14 most affected districts remain in areas inaccessible by road, while 75,000 of cannot be reached even by air. (Credit: WFP)
According to Richard Ragan, WFP Emergency Coordinator for the Nepal Earthquake Response: “We're aiming to reach high altitude areas with porters and donkeys carrying urgently-needed relief supplies. The funding from CERF has been instrumental in helping us build this operation and implement it quickly before the monsoon season starts.” (Credit: WFP)
According to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 1.7 million children were affected by the earthquake, many were left homeless, in deep shock and with no access to basic care. (Credit: UNICEF)
“The availability of $4.8 million from CERF immediately following the earthquake contributed significantly to UNICEF’s rapid humanitarian response. In the first 30 days, UNICEF provided critical health, immunization, child protection, water and sanitation services to thousands of people in urgent need in the most affected districts of Nepal" said Karin Hulshof, UNICEF Regional Director for South Asia. (Credit: UNICEF)
With help from CERF, the World Health Organization (WHO) coordinated measles, mumps and rubella immunization campaigns. Over 30,000 patients have been treated in different hospitals in and outside the Kathmandu valley since the earthquake. WHO has also provided emergency health kits to cover the needs of 160,000 people for three months. (Credit: WHO)
According to Edwin Ceniza Salvador, WHO’s Cluster Coordinator in Nepal: "CERF funds enabled WHO to quickly mobilize essential medicines and supplies needed in the 14 most affected districts, as well as addressing the gaps in water and sanitation facilities in damaged health facilities." (Credit: WHO)
Following the earthquake, the UN estimated that 40,000 women were at immediate risk of sexual and gender-based violence. "The allocation from CERF allowed UNFPA [UN Population Fund] to deliver immediate reproductive health and protection related services to affected populations," said Giulia Vallese, UNFPA Representative in Nepal. (Credit: UNFPA)
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) received $3.5 million from CERF for the distribution of emergency shelter kits and relief items and to support camp management for displaced people. (Credit: IOM)
“As the first donor to come forward, CERF’s support has been invaluable to IOM as it enabled the organization to [quickly] obtain shelter items. It allowed us to deploy camp coordination and camp management experts … with minimum delay and to coordinate the profiling of displaced populations,” said Maurizio Busatti, IOM Chief of Mission in Nepal. (Credit: IOM)
Humanitarian Coordinator McGoldrick said that while much remained to be done, the disbursement from the CERF “enabled us to scale up operations before the funding from other donors arrived." (Credit: UNICEF)
Tropical Cyclone Pam slammed into Mataso island on 13 March 2015, demolishing almost every structure of its small village. The most vulnerable residents were evacuated while the rest stayed behind to rebuild. Two months later, families were reunited.
Photo: IOM/Maria Moita
As the cyclone smashed buildings and hurled debris, the community's 120 inhabitants spent a harrowing night seeking shelter from the storm’s 350 km/h winds. Parents hid children between rocks and protected the hiding places with their own bodies.
Photo: IOM/Maria Moita
IOM’s Emergency Health Team Leader Patrick Duigan dressed wounds, provided primary health care, and vaccinated children against measles.
Photo: IOM/Maria Moita
Dragonfly, a motor yacht, coordinated with national and provincial authorities to bring drinking water to Mataso and nearby islands.
Photo: IOM/Maria Moita
Two months after the cyclone struck, evacuated community members were able to return home. A Solomon Islands patrol boat and a Vanuatu police boat facilitated the evacuation and return.
Photo: UNDP/Francisco Santos-Jara del Padron
Residents in two small boats greeted family members and helped unload supplies to continue the rebuilding and recovery process.
Photo: UNDP/Francisco Santos-Jara del Padron
Community members waited expectantly on the beach for their families to return.
Photo: UNDP/Francisco Santos-Jara del Padron
Mataso residents helped their relatives disembark after the cyclone forced them to spend almost two months away from their island home.
Credit: OCHA/Yaëlle Link
Residents unload items from agencies including UNICEF, the Salvation Army and UNDP, to support the community’s recovery.
Photo: UNDP/Francisco Santos-Jara del Padron
Residents, who were relocated to the town of Port Vila on Efate island, included women and children, the elderly and those living with a disability.
Photo: UNDP/Francisco Santos-Jara del Padron
While Mataso is now habitable, there is still much to do to assist the community in its recovery, including supporting the agricultural and fishing sectors.
Photo: OCHA/Yaëlle Link
Message from Nepal Humanitarian Coordinator Jamie Mc Goldrick
On April 25, a 7.8-magnitude earthquake erupted approximately 85 miles (137 km) east of Nepal's capital, Kathmandu, killing more than 8,000 people and destroying half a million homes nationwide. Three weeks later the country was struck again by a 7.3-magnitude tremor near Mount Everest that killed more than 100 people and triggered fresh landslides. Photo: Palani Mohan / IFRC
In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, urban search and rescue teams (USAR) were on the ground looking for survivors. USAR teams consist of highly skilled military personnel who assist during major disasters. Here the Canadian Army and Nepalese Army are searching through the rubble in Shanku, a village on the outskirts of Kathmandu Valley. Photo: Sachindra Rajbansi /Nepal Photo Project
Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened,across many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at UNESCO World Heritage sites in the Kathmandu Valley. In Bhaktapur village, 7 miles (12 km) from the capital city Kathmandu, families dig through piles of rubble, trying to recover whatever they can from the ruins of their homes. Photo: Juliette Rousselot/IRIN
A Nepalese military helicopter delivers relief supplies to Ladhu village in Sindhulpalchok district. Many of the mountain villages hit by the earthquake take days to access by road, making helicopters indispensable. Photo: OCHA/Markus Werne
When his home in Sindhulpalchok district started shaking from the force of the earthquake, 12-year-old Tara’s grandfather told him to run for his life, and that’s just what he did. His head and leg are swathed in bandages protecting wounds he suffered from falling debris. Tara received care from the a mobile hospital set up in the district capital, Chautara, by the Norwegian Red Cross in partnership with Nepal’s Ministry of Health and Population and the World Health Organization (WHO). Photo: Paul Garwood /World Health Organization
Many patients had to flee clinics and hospitals when the second earthquake hit on 12 May. WHO is providing treatment tents for five hospitals in Kathmandu and the districts of Lalitpur and Kavre, as requested by the Ministry of Health. WHO has provided emergency health kits, containing items like IV fluids, head bandages and oral rehydration salts, to cover the needs of 160,000 people for three months. Photo: A. Khan / World Health Organization
The World Food Programme (WFP) has been providing food items, such as rice and high-energy biscuits to those in need. WFP aims to reach 1.9 million people with food assistance before the start of the seasonal monsoon rains. The window of opportunity to deliver life-saving food, shelter and medical supplies is closing rapidly for people living in the mountains with no road access. Photo: World Food Programme
According to UNICEF, in the areas worst-affected by the earthquakes, 12 babies are born every hour with no access to basic healthcare, following massive damage to already basic maternity facilities. Photo: UNICEF
A woman eats a high-energy biscuit provided by WFP. The biscuits are fortified in vitamins and minerals, easy to distribute and can be a quick solution to improving nutrition, particularly when there is little access to cooking facilities. Photo: World Food Programme
The United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator Valerie Amos and the European Union’s Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, visited the Urban Search and Rescue operations base in Kathmandu earlier this month. Photo: OCHA
Two months after Tropical Cyclone Pam struck Vanuatu on 13 March affecting 188,000 people in six provinces, and devastating homes and livelihoods, humanitarian efforts continue while the wider response gradually shifts to reconstruction and recovery. Credit: UNICEF Pacific.
The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) supported the Government of Vanuatu to coordinate the response, to ensure people were reached quickly with the assistance they needed. OCHA also helped secure and track funds and gather and share data on the emergency to support swift decision-making.
Photo: NZRC/Hanna Butler
Extensive damage to crops left families that rely on subsistence farming in urgent need of food assistance. The World Food Programme (WFP) and humanitarian partners supported Government distributions, supplementing food packages with rice and high-energy biscuits. Credit: WFP/Victoria Cavanagh.
Natural disasters affect people differently based on their age, gender, disability and many other factors. Humanitarian partners supported the Ministry of Justice to provide women with information about their emergency response entitlements as well as available opportunities to participate in recovery efforts. Credit: OCHA/Karina Coates
Teachers at seven-year-old Daniel's schoolon Efate island organized an event to encourage families to return their children to classes. The Government and humanitarian partners distributed books and equipment, provided safe drinking water at schools and food for boarders. Credit: UNICEF Pacific/Vlad Sokhin.
Twenty-six-year-old Fred’s kava root, coconut trees and vegetable crops were destroyed by the cyclone, as were more than 70 per cent of crops in affected areas. The Ministry of Agriculture and humanitarian partners distributed seedlings to help families replant. Over coming months the Government will support the agriculture, fisheries, livestock, forestry and biosecurity sectors.
Credit: OCHA/Karina Coates
Cyclone Pam destroyed or contaminated water sources and damaged sanitation facilities. Humanitarian partners provided safe drinking water and helped restore water infrastructure. Credit: OxfamAUS/Amy Christian
International militaries were instrumental to overcoming the enormous logistical challenges in reaching the affected population. They took aerial photographs, distributed relief and undertook needs assessments across dozens of islands. Credit: OCHA/Karina Coates
Cyclone Pam damaged or destroyed 18,000 houses. International organizations supported the Government to provide shelter kits, tools, tarpaulins and blankets. Some 67,500 people received tarpaulins and 55,000 received tools kits to rebuild their homes. Credit: UNICEF Pacific
UNICEF and the World Health Organization assisted the Government to vaccinate more than 24,300 children aged six months to five years against measles, in Shefa, Sanma and Tafea provinces. The children also received Vitamin A and deworming medicine, while children in Tanna island and Sanma Province received the rubella vaccine. Credit: UNICEF Pacific/Sevenier
Cyclone Pam wiped out mobile networks leaving tens of thousands of people unable to connect with loved ones. Paama island resident Mark spoke to his uncle overseas through the Red Cross Restoring Family Links programme, which reconnects families after an emergency. Credit: IFRC/Madeline Wilson
Becky and her two-month-old son Sammy slept at a church on Efate island during and after the cyclone. IOM partnered with the Government and humanitarian actors to reach people in evacuation centres with immediate assistance and to distribute repair kits for their damaged homes. Credit: IOM/Joe Lowry
UN Women joined with local and provincial authorities to help re-open the Marobe Market House in Port Vila. Almost three weeks after the cyclone, market vendors, the majority of whom are women, were able to start selling root crops and handicrafts once again. Credit: UN Women/Ellie van Baaren
Cash-for-work participant Taroa, who lost his home during the cyclone, supports his three school-aged children. He is one of 100 men and women earning an income by removing and recycling debris on Efate and Tanna islands as part of the United Nations Development Programme’s early recovery programme. Credit: UNDP/Silke von Brockhausen
The UN Disaster Assessment and Coordination team (UNDAC) supported Government-led rapid needs assessments four days after the cyclone hit. Results revealed an urgent need for safe water, food, emergency shelter, medical facilities and supplies, and access to affected people. Credit: OCHA.
Responding to the humanitarian needs in Myanmar in 2015
Bhaktapur, a world-famous and ancient Nepali center of Hindu and Buddhist worship and culture, is one of many cities in Nepal left in ruins after the 25 April earthquake. The city that normally bustles with tourists, pilgrims and festive events was eerily silent for days, although the town is slowly coming back to life. Volunteers are showing up to help in the clean-up and aid is getting into the city to help people cope with and recover from the impacts of the devastating earthquake. (Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan)
Just over a week after the earthquake in Nepal, 1.7 million children have been affected. The health and wellbeing of children affected by the disaster are hanging in the balance, according to UNICEF – as many have been left homeless, in deep shock and with no access to basic care. With the monsoon season only a few weeks away, children will be at heightened risk of diseases like cholera and diarrhoeal infections, as well as being more vulnerable to the threat of landslides and floods. (Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan)
Information boards outside the UN House in Kathmandu, Nepal. In a disaster of this nature, coordination is key for an efficient response. Immediately after the earthquake happened, the UN deployed teams specialized in disaster assessment and coordination (UNDAC) to ensure that affected Nepalis would get the help they needed. (Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan)
Military teams have been searching the town and mountains of rubble for signs of missing people including in the ancient city of Bhaktapur, which suffered heavily from the impact of the powerful 7.8 earthquake. Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan
Just over a week after the earthquake, the World Food Programme (WFP) has distributed rice and high-energy biscuits to more than 196,000 people and has positioned supplies to feed about half a million people in the worst-affected areas. Food distributions are being combined with the delivery of much-needed medical supplies and tarpaulins for shelter as well as hospital equipment and other urgent relief items to reach remote districts, in collaboration with humanitarian partners. This photo depicts a WFP helicopters reaching a remote community in Gorkha. (Credit: WFP)
Since 29 April, some 52,000 tarpaulins have been distributed in 29 districts and an additional 234,160 tarpaulins are en route to Nepal. (Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan)
The World Health Organization (WHO) is coordinating the measles, mumps and rubella immunization campaign in the relief camps in collaboration with Ministry of Health and Population of Nepal and UNICEF. On 2 May, over 520 children were immunized for measles, mumps & rubella (MMR) in Lalitpur and Bhaktapur districts. Overall, as of 3 May, a total of 28,240 patients have been treated in different hospitals in and outside the Kathmandu valley and 3,355 have been admitted for hospital services. (Credit: WHO/M. Vurens van Es)
A pregnant woman nurses her child in Tundikhel in a camp set up and run by the Nepalese military. Among the over 8 million affected people are approximately 126,000 pregnant women, 21,000 of whom will need obstetric care in the coming three months. Additionally, approximately 40,000 women are at immediate risk of sexual and gender-based violence. (Credit: OCHA/Orla Fagan)
"My father had a chicken stall and I worked there since I was a kid... I've been in this camp ever since coming down from the mountain." Saadalah Abdullah, 12, referring to Mount Sinjar, where Yezidis first sought shelter after conflict forced them from their towns. "I'm from Kahtaniya, and the thing I want most in the world is to go back there." (November 2014, Arbat Camp, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
"We just arrived three days ago from Salahuddin province," said Saqar's father. "We have no plan now. If they liberate our villages we will go back there and rebuild. Otherwise we don't know what to do." (November 2014, Arbat Camp, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Khayri Shammar Khalaf, 40, is from Jazira and fled when conflict came to his town.
"Whoever had a car got in it; otherwise they walked... At first we weren’t scared of them and wanted to resist, but when we saw them take over the police station in a hill close to our town and started indiscriminately shooting at people we were scared."
"We brought my father and mother to a house in a nearby village, with a proper floor - not mud - and a functioning toilet. They are old, it is difficult for them to move and they can’t bear the hardship of living in a tent."
(September 2014, Zahko, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Yehi Zakaria is already two and a half years old, but he cannot stand due to a congenital condition that resulted in weak leg muscles. His father, Zakaria Ahmed Abdurrahman, 24, is sick with worry.
"We've just arrived in Arbat and are staying in this tent with relatives until the camp authorities give us a tent," he said. "We've spent the past month sleeping rough in the street until we were allowed into Kurdistan." (November 2014, Arbat Camp, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Rabah was a primary school teacher in Hamdaniya, a small town close to Mosul, when the conflict came to his town.
"We were forced to leave with two hours notice... We're hoping that soon our homes will be liberated and we'll be able to go back to them."
Now, he works for the International Medical Corps, one of the NGOs active in the camps. He goes tent to tent, registering medical cases. "I have a BA in Education," he says, "but what to do? I'm trying to make the best of a bad situation." (December 2014, Erbil, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Nabila and her son Marvel, lived in Bartallah, near Mosul. They fled last summer when fighting reached their town.
"There's no work and we're desperate," she said. "Relatives in the US asked us to have passports issued so they can arrange for us to join them there, but we don't want to leave our Iraq, we love it too much." (December 2014, Erbil, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Emad Abdulahad and his son Marwan went from a luxurious semi-detached house in Mosul to sharing a half-constructed shopping mall near Erbil with hundreds of others.
"I left Mosul with ten bucks," he sighs. "I lost $12,000 in savings," he says as he flips through fading photographs of dinners with friends.
Emad's son, Marwan, walks with a hobble, the result of falling off the third floor of a half-constructed building they were squatting. "I am lucky to be alive," he admits. (December 2014, Erbil, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
“I am from Bahshika, outside Mosul. We have a big farm there and I used to play in the fields and with our guard dogs. We had to leave in a hurry," said four-year-old Aws, as he waited with his father in a World Food Programme distribution line. "Now, I’m spending the day on my iPad in the apartment we’re renting here. I don’t go out to play with the kids of the neighborhood because I don’t speak Kurdish. I’m lonely." (November 2014, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Seven-year-old Safa guards her family's World Food Programme boxes by sitting on top of them.
“I haven’t been to school since we had to run away," she said. "The only Arabic language schools here are private and my family can’t afford to send me." (November 2014, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Renass Zidan, 13, is a member of the Yezidi community forced to abandon their villages in July. He hasn't been to school since.
"I miss it," he said, adding that he wants to be an eye surgeon when he grows up.
Renass said he looked forward to when schools would open in January. Thanks to funding from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and has begun to open schools throughout Iraq, meaning that children like Renass and Safa can get back to the classrooms. (November 2014, Arbat Camp, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. Photo: OCHA/Iason Athanasiadis)
Yemen: UN Humanitarian Coordinator warns about worsening humanitarian crisis (CNN)
Kobe, Japan: The ferris wheel at Kobe Port, in addition to four other local landmarks, was lit in blue in recognition of WHD. Credit: Yuki Iwanami
Maguindanao, Philippines: Over 200 people, including indigenous women of Upi (pictured) and other community members, local government officials, students and humanitarian partners participated in a WHD celebration, which consisted of a community-driven disaster preparedness campaign, presentations by humanitarian agencies, a tree-planting activity and a concert. Celebrations were also held across the Philippines in Zamboanga, Tacloban and Manila. Credit: OCHA/Farida Kasuyo
Vanuatu: UNICEF's Rebecca Olul meets baby Pam, who was born at the height of Cyclone Pam in March. Olul is one of the humanitarians profiled as part of OCHA Regional Office of the Pacific's 2015 World Humanitarian Day Celebrations. Credit: OCHA
Canberra, Australia: In Australia, WHD was marked with a panel discussion at Parliament House, with a focus on the stories behind the headlines. In addition Rundle Mall the WHD videos were promoted at Rundle Mall. Credit: OCHA
Yangon, Myanmar: Aid workers who are responding to flooding in Myanmar paid tribute to the people killed in the floods with a minute's silence followed by a choir singing the song: "Humanity Comes from Humankind." Credit: UNFPA
Bangkok, Thailand: In Bangkok, an on-site public outreach campaign involved handing out 1,000 paper fans promoting WHD in a high-traffic BTS station (Sky Train) in Bangkok, in addition to an SMS campaign and a display of WHD videos in major intersections across the city. Credit: OCHA
Almaty, Kazakhstan: OCHA Regional Office for the Caucasus, Central Asia and Ukraine held a public screening of “The Good Lie,” a film based on a true story that traces the lives of children orphaned by the civil war in Sudan that began in 1983. They also hosted a photo exhibition, shown here. Credit: OCHA/Sevil Kaymakcalan
Bangui, Central African Republic: World Humanitarian Day celebrations brought together UN agencies, international and national NGOs, the Red Cross and officials from the transitional government at an event at the Alliance Française.The event included a photo exhibition, musical performances by displaced people, and a debate on humanitarian principles. Credit: OCHA
Mogadishu, Somalia: The security situation prevented UN staff from participating in an event in Mogadishu so OCHA supported a radio talk show about World Humanitarian Day. Credit: OCHA
Juba, South Sudan: More than 150 representatives of the government, aid groups and donors attended a commemorative event to honour the role of host communities in response - specifically the 29 aid workers who have lost their lives in South Sudan since the conflict started in December 2013. Credit: OCHA
Damascus, Syria: This year's WHD event in Damascus included artistic performances and an open discussion with the Regional Coordinator. Credit: OCHA/ Bassam Diab
Amman, Jordan: The WHD music concert on 20 Aug in Jordan featured well-known Jordanian singer Macadi Nahhas singing to over 300 humanitarian workers from all over Jordan (tickets for free) celebrating WHD together in the old amphitheatre in King Hussein Gardens in Amman, Jordan. Credit: OCHA
Gao, Mali: World Humanitarian Day was celebrated across Mali. In the northern city of Gao, a youth association and humanitarian actors recognized the day with a football match. Credit : MINUSMA
Freetown, Sierra Leone: In Sierra Leone, the OCHA team commemorated WHD with a Fun Run/Walk in Freetown to raise awareness of humanitarian responders in the Ebola response. Credit: OCHA
N'Djamena, Chad: Young Chadian girls look at drawings by Nigerian refugee children at the WHD Exhibition, held at the National Museum of Chad. Credit: OCHA/ Mayanne Munan.
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: In Ethiopia, WHD was marked with a series of events, in addition to a week-long photo exhibition organized in the lobby of the African Union Commission, which features photo stories about humanitarian action, collected by members of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Sub-cluster. Credit: OCHA
Geneva, Switzerland: Annual observance of World Humanitarian Day at the Palais des Nations included a debate on the impact of the Sustainable Development Goals on humanitarian work and response. Credit: UN Photo/Pierre Albouy
Dakar, Senegal: A visitor at a photo exhibition highlighting stories of people facing crisis in the region, part of a humanitarian fair to celebrate World Humanitarian Day. Credit: OCHA/Seynabou Niang
Milan, Italy: The Milan event included a parade, where volunteers marched in celebration of WHD. Credit: WFP
Milan, Italy: A special event at Expo Milano included a panel discussion about hunger and food security. Credit: WFP
Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo: Fifteen NGOs and UN agencies contributed photos to an exhibtion that took over the streets of Goma, North Kivu. Credit: OCHA
Canapé Vert, Haiti: In partnership with a local theatre group, Atelier Toto B and Symbi Roots, OCHA Haiti honoured WHD by presenting four dramas about cholera, food security, disaster and water and sanitation. Credit: OCHA/ Widlyn Dorenevil
Panama City, Panama: WHD was recognized with the fourth annual race, which was supported by Panama Armed Forces Running Association and the non-profit City of Knowledge Foundation. Credit: OCHA/R. Mobilia
New York, U.S.A.: Colombian music superstar Juanes, Malian-French singer Inna Modja, and Australian singer Cody Simpson, at the #ShareHumanity event at UN Headquarters in New York. Credit: Stuart Ramson/AP Images
New York, USA: Australian singer Cody Simpson joined other singers, news anchors and the Secretary General Ban Ki-moon at the WHD celebration at UN headquarters.