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About OCHA Mozambique

Country profile

One of the poorest and most underdeveloped countries in the world, Mozambique is home to nearly 30 million people in the south-east of Africa, more than 70 per cent of them living un rural areas. The country holds one of the lowest Human Development Index (HDI) in the world, ranking 180 out of 189 countries and territories. More than 62 per cent of the population live below the international poverty line, and over 83 per cent of the jobs are vulnerable.

Extremely susceptible to climate shocks, Mozambique has been facing cyclical droughts and flooding over the last years, including two major cyclones in 2019, which compounds the high poverty levels and increase vulnerability across most of the country. In addition, increasing violence and insecurity, mainly in the north of the country, leads to displacements and protection concerns.

These consecutive crises and continued destruction of livelihoods cause widespread food insecurity–80 per cent of the population cannot afford an adequate diet­–, chronic malnutrition, with over 43 per cent of children under age 5 stunted and recurrent disease outbreaks. In a country with very weak coverage of public services, particularly health, education and access to clean water and sanitation, humanitarian assistance is crucial to support the most vulnerable.

[Updated in March 2020]