The broad strategic focus and priorities for Somalia Humanitarian Fund (SHF) allocations are determined on an annual basis by the SHF Advisory Board.
The focus of individual allocation rounds is determined through a consultative strategic prioritization process of the Somalia inter-cluster coordination structure and endorsed by the Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia and the SHF Advisory Board.
Specifically, the SHF has two allocation modalities:
Standard allocation: this is the main mechanism for SHF allocations and the process through which the majority of funding is channeled to priority activities within the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). Large and medium-size strategic allocation rounds are typically launched once or twice a year, depending on the availability of funds. The basis for project submissions is the Standard Allocation Strategy, developed by the Inter-Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG), in close consultation with regional counterparts (Regional ICCGs). Allocation strategy is then approved by the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) and endorsed by the SHF Advisory Board.
Reserve allocation: this modality is primarily intended for the rapid and flexible allocation of funds for unexpected emergencies, to address emerging humanitarian needs or rapidly deteriorating situations. These funds can be allocated through individual reserve allocation or broader allocation rounds and accommodate disbursement of resources is response to specific humanitarian situations requiring a coordinated response outside the standard rounds.