Despite a period of relative stability, more than 7 million people still need humanitarian assistance across South Sudan due to the cumulative effects of years of conflict, chronic vulnerabilities and weak essential services. This is two thirds of the population. Women and children continue to be most affected. Out of every 100,000 women who give birth, 800 die during childbirth. One in ten children will not make it to their fifth birthday. About 1.3 million children under five years are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition in 2020. Hunger threatens over half of the population. Almost 4 million people remain displaced by the crisis, either as refugees or internally displaced persons.
The 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan requests $1.5 billion to reach 5.6 million most vulnerable people. Humanitarian partners’ priorities include reducing food insecurity and malnutrition; providing access to basic services such as health, water and sanitation; protecting women and children; and promoting recovery and resilience.
OCHA South Sudan works with a host of partners, including national and local authorities, non-governmental and international organizations, and UN humanitarian agencies, focal points for thematic areas (clusters) and local communities, to assess who is in need and what they require, and to determine the most appropriate way of meeting those needs. OCHA monitors the response and provides support on issues that hamper relief delivery, such as humanitarian access or funding shortfalls. OCHA supports the Humanitarian Coordinator in South Sudan (HC), Alain Noudéhou, to ensure that he is able to effectively coordinate humanitarian action at the strategic level and engage in high-level advocacy to ensure that relief reaches people in need, on time. OCHA also manages the South Sudan Humanitarian Fund in support of the HC.
OCHA operates through a Country Office in the capital city, Juba, and a network of sub-offices in the Greater Equatoria region, Jonglei, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Unity and Upper Nile. When crises occur in places where OCHA does not have a regular presence, a team is deployed from Juba to support field coordination.