Highlights Last Updated: 20 Oct 2020
The COVID-19 pandemic—which is occurring against a backdrop of increased humanitarian needs due to back-to-back drought, floods and a locust upsurge—will exacerbate existing vulnerabilities across Kenya, particularly for the urban poor, migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. Some 56 per cent of Kenya’s urban population live in informal settlements. There are about 19.5 million poor people in Kenya (14 million in rural areas, 1.3 million peri-urban and 4.2 million core-urban and informal settlements). Female-headed households constitute 30.2 per cent of the poor population. Hunger, malnutrition, pneumonia and other forms of health-related shocks and stresses compound vulnerability to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Kenya hosts an estimated 488,867 refugees and asylum seekers; 44 per cent of whom (217,139 people) are in Dadaab, 40 per cent (193,429) in Kakuma and Kalobeyei Settlement, and 16 per cent (78,299) in urban areas, according to UNHCR.