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Burkina Faso: Insecurity continues to drive displacement

15 Oct 2019

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People displaced by violence in Burkina Faso have found refuge in schools in the central and northern regions. Credit: OCHA/Otto Bakano

Armed attacks and insecurity continue to impact the Sahel, Center-Nord, Est, Boucle du Mouhoun, and Nord regions of Burkina Faso, driving forced displacement and increasing the number of people in need of assistance and protection.

As of 15 October, some 486,000 people have been displaced, a steep increase from about 80,000 in January, making Burkina Faso one of the fastest-growing humanitarian crises in Africa this year.

Hundreds of thousands of affected people are struggling to produce or have access to food. They also have limited access to water and medical services.

The armed violence and insecurity in Burkina Faso have also decimated health and education services. More than 68 health centres have been forced to shut down, impacting about 800,000 people. Some 2,000 schools have closed, affecting 300,000 students who can no longer go to school.

More than 500 people have been reportedly killed between January 2018 and September 2019.

The risk of further geographical expansion of the crisis, including to neighbouring countries, is a major concern that requires immediate preparedness and readiness actions.

The revised Humanitarian Response Plan, released in August, is calling for US$187 million to provide urgent assistance to nearly 1.3 million people, but it is only 35 per cent funded so far.