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Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Afghanistan - Chad and Niger

13 Aug 2021

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Displaced people in Dand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, December 2020. © OCHA/Fariba Housaini

Daily Noon Briefing Highlights – 13 August 2021

Afghanistan

OCHA reports that due to escalating conflict across Afghanistan, many people are arriving in Kabul and other large cities seeking safety. The humanitarian community has verified 10,350 internally displaced people who have arrived in Kabul between 1 July and 12 August. 

Most of the displaced people are either renting accommodations or being hosted by friends or family. A growing number are staying in the open in different parts of the city, making them especially vulnerable. 

President Ghani has instructed the Ministry of Hajj and Religious Affairs to allow mosques to accommodate newly displaced people. As of yesterday (12 August), the Government has begun relocating displaced people from parks and schools to government buildings.

Twenty inter-agency assessment teams have been deployed in Kabul. As of 12 August, the UN and partners have provided food, health, household items, and water and sanitation assistance to 6,900 displaced people in Kabul. Assessments are ongoing and additional teams are being mobilized to ensure that assistance can quickly reach those in need.

Since 25 July, tens of thousands of people have been displaced by escalating conflict in Kunar Province in eastern Afghanistan, with people fleeing to districts within Kunar and Nangahar provinces. To date, some 14,000 internally displaced people from Kunar have been identified to receive aid. More than 34,000 people have been surveyed by inter-agency assessment teams.

Reports indicate that the displaced people are living in grim conditions. Among the priority needs are food, relief items, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene. The UN and partners have provided food to almost 4,000 people, and 3,900 people have received emergency shelter and relief items such as kitchen sets. Five mobile teams are providing basic health and nutrition services. 

In Nangarhar Province, inter-agency teams are assessing the needs of some 28,000 people from Kunar Province who have reportedly been displaced by conflict.

Chad and Niger

OCHA reports that heavy rains and floods in parts of the Sahel over the past weeks have killed 10 people and affected 74,000 people in Chad, while in Niger, 27 people have died and 69,000 people have been affected, according to national authorities.

Rains have also destroyed homes, livestock and plantations in the two countries, which are already dealing with the consequences of previous flooding, ongoing conflict, long-standing food insecurity and malnutrition, and health challenges including the COVID-19 pandemic.

In Chad, the most affected provinces are Tandjile, Mandoul and Ennedi Ouest. The situation is particularly worrying in Tandjile, where 6 people have died, 201 have been injured, and nearly 40,000 people have been affected by the flooding.

In Niger, the most affected regions are Maradi, Zinder and Tillabery. 

Water sources, wells and boreholes have collapsed in both countries, exposing people to waterborne diseases.

In coordination with the Governments of Chad and Niger, humanitarian partners are supporting affected people with health services, food, shelter, non-food items, and water, hygiene and sanitation assistance.

The people of the Sahel region are caught in a vicious circle of floods and droughts as a result of weather variability that is exacerbated by climate change. Two out of three people in the Sahel live from agriculture and livestock, and these natural disasters degrade the resources needed for their livelihoods.