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Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Afghanistan - Sudan

03 Sep 2021

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A mobile clinic in Zheray District, Kandahar Province, November 2019. © OCHA/Matteo Minasi

Daily Noon Briefing Highlights – 3 September 2021

Afghanistan

Afghanistan is facing a food insecurity and malnutrition crisis. A third of the population, more than 12 million people, are acutely food insecure, and their situation is expected to be greatly worsened by the drought – which has affected a third of the country. 

Already, more than half of children under age 5 are expected to face acute malnutrition – a life-threatening condition requiring specialized foods and medicines to prevent death and mitigate sickness and life-long consequences.

As an economic crisis looms, job opportunities also remain limited across the country. 

The 2021 harvest is expected to be below average and the next lean season is expected to be more intense and arrive earlier. Agricultural labour activities are estimated to have reduced by a third.  

There is also a need to address water scarcity to prevent displacement and reduce hunger. Nine million people were in need of water, sanitation, and hygiene assistance at the beginning of 2021. 

The UN and humanitarian partners have been working to respond to the impacts of low rainfall on water availability, crop yields, agricultural labour opportunities as well as affordability of food since the beginning of the year. Assistance has been provided in drought-affected areas experiencing water scarcity and agricultural deficits. For example, as part of an anticipatory action strategy, the UN and partners has been providing agriculture and animal rearing support since the beginning of the year. 

In the first six months of the year, UN and partners provided food and livelihood assistance to more than 5.5 million people, many of whom are in drought-affected areas. But much more is needed. In certain parts of the country, the full effects of the drought are yet to be felt. In the last months, many farmers have been unable to access their fields due to conflict at critical times for planting and harvesting.

Afghanistan’s 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan, which requires US$1.3 billion to help 16 million people, is 40 per cent funded, leaving a deficit of $766 million.

Sudan

OCHA reports that more than 88,000 people in 13 of 18 states have been directly affected by floods since the rainy season started in July.

As of 1 September 2021, a total of 4,800 homes were destroyed, another 12,780 homes were damaged, and public infrastructure facilities and farmlands have been affected.

Heavy rains are expected to intensify across most of Sudan this week, driving more flooding, particularly in the eastern, central & western regions.

Sudanese authorities have activated the national flood task force and are leading the flood response in collaboration with humanitarian partners. 

Humanitarian partners are conducting needs assessments and verification of people affected and have started delivering life-saving humanitarian assistance.

Partners are using prepositioned supplies in Gedaref, West Darfur, South Darfur and North Kordofan states.