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Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Bangladesh - Nigeria

29 Jul 2020

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Dalori IDP camp, located about 4 km north of Maiduguri, Nigeria, March 2020. Credit: OCHA

Daily Noon Briefing Highlights – 29 July 2020

Bangladesh: Flooding

OCHA reports that heavy monsoon rains in upstream regions of Bangladesh are continuing to cause flooding in the country. An estimated 4.7 million people, including 1.9 million children, are affected.

These floods are forecast to be the most prolonged since 1998 and have affected 31 districts and inundated nearly a quarter of the country.

Nearly 1 million houses are waterlogged and about 90,000 people have been displaced to shelters.

Humanitarian partners are supporting response efforts in coordination with the Government, including through the distribution of food packs, water purification units, hygiene and dignity kits, and emergency shelter supplies.

 

Nigeria

OCHA reports that the humanitarian crisis in the north-east region of Nigeria, now in its 11th year, shows no sign of abating.

Insecurity has escalated in recent months following attacks by armed groups and clashes with government forces that have led to multiple displacements in recent months.

More than 40,000 people have been newly displaced to already congested camps for internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities between May and June alone across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states.

Worsening insecurity and attacks have directly affected aid operations, with three aid workers killed and a UN helicopter hit and damaged by bullets in Borno State this month.

With 1.8 million people internally displaced, the protection of civilians remains a major concern for the UN.

There have been gross violations of international humanitarian law and human rights law, characterized by increasing and indiscriminate attacks on civilian locations and aid workers and assets, particularly in the worst-affected state of Borno.

The UN and humanitarian organizations are intensifying support to local authorities to decongest crowded IDP camps – more than half of which are overcrowded. They are also stockpiling food and medical supplies as the rainy season gathers momentum, increasing the risks of severe flooding and the outbreak of deadly diseases, including acute watery diarrhoea and cholera. 

The COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated vulnerabilities and needs across north-east Nigeria, pushing up the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance to 10.6 million, from 7.9 million in January.

In mid-June, the UN-managed Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) allocated $22.4 million for a swift and rapid response to the additional needs and vulnerabilities triggered by the pandemic.

The UN and humanitarian organizations are intensifying risk mitigation measures, including setting up handwashing points, quarantine facilities and risk communication and awareness messaging. Personal protective equipment, medical equipment, and technical and specialist support are also being provided by the UN across COVID-19 isolation and treatment facilities in the region.

Funding for the humanitarian response in north-east Nigeria remains critical, with less than 30 per cent of $1.08 billion required funding in 2020 received.