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Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Mozambique

21 Jun 2021

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A temporary accommodation centre in Metuge District in the province of Cabo Delgado, Mozambique, November 2020. © UN/Helvisney Cardoso

Daily Noon Briefing Highlights – 21 June 2021

Mozambique

OCHA reports that armed conflict in the north of Mozambique is driving one of the world’s fastest-growing displacement crises and generating dire humanitarian needs across the region.  

The number of people uprooted from their homes due to attacks and violence in Cabo Delgado increased by nearly 650 per cent in 2020 alone. Currently, more than 732,000 people have been displaced by the armed conflict. Of these people, at least 30 per cent have been forced to flee more than once, according to the International Organization for Migration.

The attack on Palma on 24 March and subsequent clashes across the district have forced nearly 70,000 people from their homes. Many had to walk for days, with nothing more than the clothes on their backs, arriving at their destinations hungry, exhausted, traumatized and injured.

Many affected people are also trying to seek asylum in Tanzania but are systematically being forcibly returned to Mozambique. According to UNHCR, almost 10,000 people were returned after entering Tanzania this year, half of them since May alone. 

OCHA warns that repeated displacement and the destruction of livelihoods are exhausting families’ scarce resources, leading to a severe hunger crisis on top of multiple health and protection emergencies.

Humanitarian organizations are scaling up the response and have assisted more than 700,000 people in the first five months of 2021. But the humanitarian response is falling short of needs due to insecurity, access challenges and underfunding. 

Aid agencies in Mozambique have received just about 11 per cent of the US$254 million required to assist and protect 1.1 million people in the areas of Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula. More funding is urgently needed.