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Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Ukraine, Ethiopia

11 Mar 2022

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Karabenkova Galyna, arrived in Medyka, Poland on March 6, 2022, with her children, Danylo, 3 (in her arms), and daughter Anastasia, 8. Credit: UNICEF

Daily Noon Briefing Highlights –  11 March 2022

Ukraine

Our humanitarian colleagues continue to be deeply concerned about the human cost of this war and the human suffering. Millions of people in Ukraine have fled their homes in the last two weeks and need assistance. The Office for the United Nations Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that 1.9 million people have been internally displaced so far. Most of them are in the west and north-west with about 500,000 displaced people in Zakarpatska, 387,000 in Lvivska and about 170,000 in Volynska oblasts.

UNHCR also reports that there are now more than 2.5 million people who have crossed international borders out of Ukraine. And the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), says that between 24 February and 10 March at the end of the day, 1,546 civilian casualties were recorded, including over 564 deaths. As mentioned before, the real figure could be considerably higher as reported casualties are confirmed.

The World Health Organization for its part reports that since 24 February, there have been 29 attacks affecting health facilities, health care workers and ambulances. Medical facilities, medical personnel and medical transport must always be respected and protected in war. We have reports that in the east, about 650,000 people in Donetska oblast and about 40,000 people in Luthanska oblast do not have access to water. In Mariupol in Donetska, safe drinking water is urgently needed.

In terms of a response update, in Donetska oblast, the Donbas Development Centre, a national implementing partner, is responding with emergency distribution of water tanks and bottled water. World Food Programme reports the distribution of value vouchers to people in Lviv. Initially 2,000 people have received vouchers and this activity will be scaled up to reach more people in areas where markets and systems are functioning.

In Kharkiv, a World Food Programme-contracted bakery is increasing its production line with a daily target of 15 metric tons (30,000 loaves of bread), benefitting 60,000 people. A national non-governmental organization will take on delivery duties. As we reported yesterday, humanitarian partners have overall reached over 500,000 people with some form of humanitarian assistance, including food, shelter, blankets and medical supplies.

On funding, as of today, the Ukraine Flash Appeal 2022, asking for $1.1 billion, has received US$129 million in funding, which gives a coverage of 11 per cent.

Ethiopia

We have a humanitarian update on the northern part of Ethiopia where the situation remains extremely concerning. Humanitarian needs are growing as fighting continues in the Afar region’s Kilbeti Zone and sporadic clashes are reported in the Amhara region in the areas of Wag Hamra, North Wello and North Gondar zones, near the boundary with Tigray.

The ongoing fighting in Afar continues to displace more people within Kilbeti zone and to neighbouring zones. Hundreds of thousands of people have reportedly been displaced since late last year, but insecurity continues to limit access to many conflict areas and the UN has not been able to verify exact numbers. In Amhara region, people continue to flee to the Kobo, Zekuala, Sekota, and Zarima districts. Authorities estimate that Kobo now hosts over 53,000 displaced people.

The UN and our non-governmental organization (NGO) partners continue to provide assistance in Amhara and Afar where security allows. In Amhara, the UN, Government and NGO partners provided food to over 588,000 people during the past week, bringing the total number assisted to 7.4 million since late December. In Afar, during the past week, some 87,000 people received food assistance in the conflict-affected Kilbeti Zone. This round of food assistance targets some 620,000 people across Afar in the coming weeks.

In the Tigray region, deliveries of aid and fuel by road into Tigray remain suspended, with humanitarian organizations significantly reducing or suspending operations. During the past week, only an extremely small fraction of the 870,000 people meant to receive assistance - some 34,000 people - received food assistance. This includes 23,000 Eritrean refugees.

On a more positive note, medical and nutrition supplies continue to be flown into Tigray’s capital, Mekelle with about 100 tonnes of supplies arriving during the past week. But this remains far less than can be transported by single convoy of trucks. In addition, the lack of fuel affects the delivery of supplies from Mekelle to other parts of Tigray.