Daily Noon Briefing Highlights: Ukraine, Ethiopia, DRC, the Philippines
TitleDaily Noon Briefing Highlights: Ukraine, Ethiopia, DRC, the Philippines
UNHCR staff provide information and first necessities to refugees from Ukraine crossing into Italy at the Fernetti border crossing between Slovenia and Italy. Credit: UNHCR
Daily Noon Briefing Highlights – 18 April 2022
The Ukraine conflict has led to 4,890 civilian casualties, including 2,072 deaths, according to Office for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Ukraine has endured 136 attacks on healthcare facilities, which have killed 73 people, and injured 52 others, according to WHO. This means Ukraine accounts for more than 68 per cent of all attacks on health care worldwide in 2022.
More than one in four people in Ukraine has been displaced, amounting to 12 million people - including 4.9 million refugees and 7.1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs). At the same time, returns to Ukraine are increasing - we have reports from border services that more than 870,000 people have returned since 24 February. Recent returnees include women and children and older people.
Returnees are creating new challenges for the humanitarian response in terms of reconstruction and reintegration. Over 1,300 UN staff in Ukraine engaged in the humanitarian response. UN and our humanitarian partners have eight operational hubs: Dnipro, Vinnytsia, Lviv, Uzhorod, Mukachevo, Chernivitzi, Luhansk and Donetsk. Hubs will also be set up in Odessa, Mariupol and Kharkiv, as conditions allow. The OCHA office is reopening in Kyiv – our Head of Office is there now.
As of 15 April more than 155,000 people have been assisted with multi-purpose cash, provided by 22 partners. This figure is expected to ramp up quickly. A convoy planned for 14 April from Odesa to Kherson could not proceed due to lack of security guarantees. The convoy was offloaded in Odesa on 13 April and the cargo was dispatched to two NGOs, which will distribute the supplies in Kherson oblast through the Ukraine Red Cross and voluntary organizations.
The Ukraine Flash Appeal is 68 per cent funded as of 18 April, at $774 million. The Country-based Pooled Fund - the Ukraine Humanitarian Fund - has received $126 million to date, of which $66 million has been paid.
A 50-truck convoy carrying food and other humanitarian aid, as well fuel, arrived in Mekelle – the capital of the Tigray region – on 15 April.
The convoy was carrying about 1,000 tons of food aid (enough for about 43,000 people), and 700 tons of health, nutrition, and water and sanitation items. It also included three fuel tankers carrying 115,000 liters of fuel.
This was the second convoy into Tigray since 1 April following three-and-a-half months without any aid going in by road. However, far more assistance, as well as fuel, is required to meet the humanitarian needs on the ground. Further convoys are ready to go from Semera to Mekelle. We continue engaging with all stakeholders to make sure that additional convoys can depart safely as soon as possible, and that we can make these deliveries for conflict-affected people in Tigray - as well as in Afar and Amhara regions - on a regular and predictable basis.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
OCHA is extremely concerned about the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Ituri Province, as violence continues. Last week attacks in Djugu and Irumu territories killed at least 35 civilians —including one displaced person and 19 recent returnees.
The insecurity has forced nine humanitarian organizations — one UN agency and eight international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) — to temporarily suspend their road movements in Irumu and Mambasa territories, delaying the provision of water, sanitation and hygiene, health, food security, education, shelter, and protection aid to thousands of people. The humanitarian situation in Ituri has been deteriorating since October 2021 when attacks on civilian populations, including IDP sites, increased, leading to significant population movements. Today, the province has more than 1.9 million IDPs.
The persistent insecurity has affected food production in Ituri, leaving thousands of families with insufficient food to eat. Food insecurity affects nearly 3 million people, particularly in Djugu territory where one in five people are at emergency hunger levels. Over the past two years [between March 2020 and March 2022] some 211 schools were destroyed or damaged, leaving some over 55,000 children out of school across the province.
UN agencies and NGOs have managed to continue to operate despite the volatile situation and over the past few months have provided assistance to civilians. Eight projects in shelter, health, food security, nutrition, protection funded by the DRC Humanitarian Fund are currently being implemented in the area of Komanda and Mambasa.
Heavy rains caused by Tropical Storm Megi (local name Agaton) has resulted in the deaths of 172 people, most of them in Leyte province. Disaster response teams have shifted their rescue operations to search and recovery, as many people are still missing.
The latest report from the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council indicates at least 298,000 people are displaced. Over 10,5000 houses were damaged, with almost 1,000 of them destroyed. The Department of Social Welfare and Development is responding to people’s needs.
Humanitarian agencies have responded to bilateral requests from Government partners. The UN Children’s Fund will provide water, sanitation and hygiene supplies in Southern Leyte and is coordinating with the provincial health office to identify beneficiaries. International Organization for Migration (IOM) is supporting camp management, mental health and psychosocial support, health and emergency shelter support in Leyte. An IOM team is currently distributing 200 hygiene kits and will provide an additional 1,000 hygiene kits, sleeping kits and tents. World Food Programme has dispatched 24 trucks to transport 30,000 Government food packs, 1000 sleeping kits and 3,125 kitchen kits.