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Daily Noon Briefings Highlights: Myanmar - Sudan

09 Sep 2020

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Credit: OCHA Sudan

Daily Noon Briefings Highlights – 9 September 2020

Sudan: Floods

More than half a million people [557,000] are affected by the floods in Sudan – the highest number of flood-affected people reported in the country in more than two decades.

Some102 people have died and 46 others have been injured, according to the latest figures from the Government of Sudan.

Thus far, 17 of Sudan’s 18 states are affected. Khartoum State is the worst affected, with more than 100,000 people in need of assistance.

More than 500 km2 of land flooded in Khartoum, Al Gezira and White Nile States, and more than 100,000 homes have been destroyed or damaged.

The situation could deteriorate over the coming days, with heavy rains forecast in Ethiopia and in several parts of Sudan. The rains are likely to increase water levels in the Blue Nile River, which are at the highest they have been in 100 years.

The Sudan Humanitarian Fund has allocated US$3.1 million, including $1.5 million in anticipatory financing, for water, sanitation and hygiene, health, emergency shelter/non-food items and pipelines, allowing for the pre-positioning of supplies, as well as additional funding for floods response.

The Government has declared a three-month National State of Emergency to boost response efforts.

The Government, UN agencies, NGOs and the Sudanese military are assisting thousands of people in affected areas.

Over the past few days, several planes carrying relief supplies have landed in Khartoum. These include a plane carrying 100 tons of shelter materials from UNHCR, two planes from Egypt carrying 23 tons of humanitarian aid, a plane from Turkey carrying medical aid provided by the Qatari Red Crescent, and a plane from the Emirates Red Crescent carrying medical and humanitarian supplies.

There are significant gaps in supplies of shelter, health, and water and sanitation hygiene materials.

Schools are being used as temporary shelters or have been damaged in flood-affected areas, preventing access to education.

The Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan for 2020 is seeking US$1.6 billion and is less than 44 per cent funded.

 

Myanmar: Protection of civilians

The conflict between the Myanmar Armed Forces and the Arakan Army in Rakhine and southern areas of Chin states continues to kill and maim civilians, damage and destroy civilian infrastructure and force people out of their homes. More than 86,000 people are currently displaced across the two states.

UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Ola Almgren yesterday expressed deep concern about the ongoing humanitarian impact of the clashes in Kyauktaw Township on 3 September that left civilians killed and others injured, around 100 homes burned, and forced thousands of people to flee.

Tragically, the conflict has claimed more lives. Yesterday, artillery fire in Myebon [in Rakhine] reportedly forced around 2,000 villagers to flee their homes and resulted in the deaths of four people, including two children, according to local sources. A further 14 people, including 3 children, are reported to have been injured, according to the same sources. Such attacks are simply abhorrent.

International humanitarian law requires all parties to conflict to respect civilians and civilian infrastructure and take constant care to spare them in the course of military operations. This entails refraining from attacks that cause disproportionate civilian harm and taking all feasible precautions to choose weapons and tactics in order to avoid, and in any event minimize, such harm. These obligations are not being met, and the UN calls on the parties to cease the use of explosive weapons in populated areas.