This is a year of transformation for Sudan, offering hope and optimism to millions of people. The transitional government, formed in September 2019 after months of protest, is pursuing a new social contract with the people, prioritizing peace and economic reform. However, these reforms will take time and the situation will likely worsen in the short term especially for the most vulnerable.
Across Sudan, about 9.3 million people require humanitarian support in 2020. Because of the fragile economy, more people are unable to meet their basic needs, as high inflation continues to erode households’ purchasing power. An average local food basket takes up at least 75 per cent of household income.
Years of conflict have impacted millions of people. Some 1.9 million people remain displaced and face protection risks and threats even as they attempt to rebuild their livelihoods or return to their homes. Disease outbreaks, malnutrition, food insecurity, and climatic shocks, continue to affect the lives and livelihoods of many Sudanese. The country hosts over a million refugees, providing safety and services, with communities sharing their meagre resources.
Alongside peace negotiations, the government have signaled their commitment to facilitating humanitarian access by allowing humanitarians to deliver assistance to areas that are not under their control.
It is against this backdrop that humanitarians have developed the 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). Partners intend to support 6.1 million of the most vulnerable people, for a total of US$1.3 billion. This includes assistance to sustain ongoing programming in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile states and concurrently scale up in central and eastern Sudan to prevent an increase in humanitarian needs. To complement activities under this HRP and respond to the needs of people not covered by this HRP, efforts to strengthen and expand social protection programming continue.