The Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF) is a country based pooled fund that enables humanitarian actors to respond early and fast to the most critical humanitarian needs.
Funding decisions are guided by priorities in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and needs from unplanned emergencies in the country. The funds are allocated to international and national non–governmental organizations and UN agencies with direct guidance from the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC). Being a pooled fund, the SHF receives voluntary donor contributions and supports humanitarian response throughout the year, in all parts of the country.
Sudan underwent a political change last year, but the large-scale, protracted, complex emergency, caused by years of conflict and displacement, is ongoing. Humanitarian needs are further driven by seasonal diseases outbreaks, locust invasions and floods, and mostly by the impact of a worsening economic crisis -characterized by high inflation and fueled by the COVID-19 containment measures. In addition, the country hosts more than one million refugees and over 1.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), many of whom live in camps and have limited access to essential services. According to the 2020 Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO), across Sudan, about 9.3 million people require humanitarian assistance in 2020.
In 2019, the SHF funded 78 projects worth $58.6 million responding to various emergencies such as cholera outbreak, food security and livelihoods support, health, water and sanitation, provision of non-food items as well as interventions in the education sector. In 2020, the SHF has helped immediate response to the COVID-19 pandemic by quickly allocating more than $12 million, mostly in terms of Health, Water, Sanitation (WASH) and Risk Communication. The SHF disburses money through standard allocations and the Reserve Fund for Emergencies (RfE).
Since its establishment in 2006, the SHF has received more than US$1.38 billion from donor resources to meet the most critical needs identified by the humanitarian community.
The SHF has three main objectives:
- To improve humanitarian response by increasing funding allocations to priority humanitarian needs through an inclusive and coordinated process.
- To strengthen the leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator.
- To contribute to the delivery of the HRP
The SHF 2020 Position Paper translated the objectives into actions. The SHF makes funding more predictable, providing donors and other funding mechanisms with timely information, thus enabling complementary funding for humanitarian projects. At least 70 per cent of its funding is channeled directly to NGOs and it currently works with 44 NGO partners.
The fund ensures that humanitarian needs are addressed in a collaborative manner, fostering cooperation and coordination within and between the Inter-Agency Sector Coordinators (ISCG) and humanitarian organizations in Sudan. It contributes to improve needs assessments, enhance strategic planning documents for humanitarian action, strengthen coordination mechanisms, and improve accountability through monitoring and reporting.
All funded interventions are consistent with the humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.