In June 2014, the Syria Humanitarian Fund (SHF) was initiated after the decentralization of the Syria Regional Emergency Fund, which covered Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The SHF is led and managed by the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) for Syria to support the delivery of country-led response plans.
The Country-based pooled funds in the region have been designed to support and align a comprehensive response to the Syria crisis by expanding the delivery of humanitarian assistance, increasing access, and strengthening partnerships with local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Objectives of the Syria HF
The SHF is primarily aligned to support the delivery of strategic humanitarian response identified under the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) while retaining the flexibility to allocate funds to unforeseen events or special requirements. The SHF will reinforce the HC’s leadership and coordination role by driving funding to needs-based priority sectors and geographic areas. The SHF will also aim for a more inclusive approach by working with a variety of implementing partners in a complex operational environment. The SHF has the following main objectives:
- Help cover gaps in priority activities of the HRP. The SHF will prioritize critical life-saving, protection, and life-sustaining needs in the most underserved, high severity areas, including hard-to-reach areas and areas that recently shifted control.
- Cover critical gaps in the operation and expand coverage to areas of highest need by leveraging different partnerships.
- Address new priorities and unforeseen emergencies, as identified by the Humanitarian Coordinator, the HCT and/or operational partners.
- Improve the relevance and coherence of the humanitarian response. Funds will be strategically allocated, based on identified needs in the HNO and within parameters of the HRP. Independent assessments of needs and priorities identified by the area HCTs as well as by partners on the ground will inform allocations. Priority sectors will be supported at national and sub-national level and promote integrated programming/responses to identified needs.
- Support protection needs. The SHF will give particular attention to protection projects targeting assessed affected population groups, mainly women and children and other vulnerable groups, such as people living with disabilities and the elderly.
The SHF aims to ensure that humanitarian needs are addressed in a collaborative manner, fostering cooperation and coordination within and between sectors and humanitarian organizations. As such, the SHF contributes to improving needs assessments, enhancing the HRP as the strategic planning document for humanitarian action, strengthening coordination mechanisms, particularly for sector coordination, and improving accountability through an enhanced monitoring and reporting framework.
Interventions supported by the SHF are to be consistent with the core humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality, impartiality and independence.
In 2018, US$36.7 million were allocated through the SHF, to 24 partners running 53 projects, resulting in humanitarian assistance reaching 1.08 million people.